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Sus decisiones legales en materia de salud

¿Qué es una declaración de voluntad anticipada? 

¿Qué es una declaración de voluntad anticipada? 

It’s a legal document if you’re at least 18 years old or an emancipated minor. It tells your doctors what medical care you want and don’t want. And it’s only for when you can’t speak for yourself due to an accident or illness. It’s called an “advance directive” because you make these decisions before you need care. It can include information about:


  • Si quiere que lo mantengan vivo con máquinas.  

  • Si desea que se donen sus órganos después de que muera.   

There are four types of advance directives in Ohio:


  1. A durable power of attorney for medical care
  2. A living will (also known as an instruction directive)
  3. A declaration for mental health treatment
  4. A do not resuscitate (DNR) order


  • Fírmela y escriba la fecha.
  • Guarde una copia.
  • Give a copy to your power of attorney
  • Entregue una copia a todos sus proveedores.
  • Lleve una copia con usted si acude al hospital o a la sala de emergencias.
  • Keep a copy in your car (if you have one) 
  • Talk with your family, friends and physicians about your advance directive. Be sure the person you appoint to make decisions on your behalf understands your wishes. 
  • Download a template for Ohio Advance Directive at: Advance Directive Form for Ohio - CaringInfo.
  • Copy and print a second set of these forms so you will have a clean copy if you need to start over. 
  • Give the completed form to the person you have appointed to make decisions on your behalf such as your family, friends, healthcare providers and/or faith leaders so that the form is available in the event of an emergency. 
  • Save a copy of your form in an online personal health records application, program or service that allows you to share your medical documents with your physicians, family and others who you want to take an active role in your advance care planning.

It’s a document you use to choose your “healthcare representative.” This person will make healthcare decisions for you if you’re unable to make them yourself. They’ll speak for you based on what you want done or what is in your best interests. This goes into effect if you’re unable to make short-term or long-term healthcare decisions.

Un testamento vital (o una directiva de instrucción) es otro tipo de directiva anticipada. Enumera sus deseos de tratamiento médico si está muy enfermo y es posible que no se recupere, o si no puede hablar por sí mismo. Les dice a sus médicos qué tratamiento desea o no desea. Esto podría incluir tratamiento o atención que lo mantendría con vida cuando no haya posibilidad de recuperación.

This document is more focused on mental healthcare. It allows you to pick someone to make mental health treatment decisions for you if you’re unable to make them yourself. The person can decide on medication and treatment for you.

There are two types of do not resuscitate orders:


  • Do Not Resuscitate Comfort Care (DNRCC): requires that only comfort care be administered before, during or after the time a person's heart or breathing stops.
  • Do Not Resuscitate Comfort Care-Arrest (DNRCC-Arrest): permits the use of life-saving measures (such as powerful heart or blood pressure medications) before a person's heart or breathing stops.

These orders allow you to make your choices about certain life-saving measures known to emergency services staff, health care facilities and doctors.


Talk with your provider


You can talk to your provider if you need help or have questions. We’ll help you find a provider that will follow your advance directive. If they don’t follow it, you can file a grievance.

¿Tiene alguna pregunta?  

Just call us at 1-833-711-0773 (TTY: 711), 7 a.m. to 8 p.m., Monday through Friday.